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Years later, when it looked as though Massachusetts might restart capital punishment after a long hiatus, a prison steward who knew Leuchter's father asked Leuchter to come in and see whether the old chair was still usable.
It was from this point forward that Leuchter's name 'was given to other states' to use his services. He launched the Fred Leuchter Associates in Boston, Massachusetts, a firm specializing in gas chambers and executions and used the title of Chief Engineer.
He said many of their electric chairs were 'decrepit, defunct, didn't work properly — if they ever had in the first place. Leuchter would accompany his father to his job as superintendent of transportation in the Massachusetts state prison during the s and 50s.
He helped his father move the state's old electric chair to the new prison. Years later he was asked by a state official to examine the chair to see if it was usable.
Leuchter is pictured above right during an appearance on The Phil Donahue Show displaying parts from one of the electric chairs he designed.
In , he was asked by the state of Tennessee to refurbish its chair when the possibility of its first execution in decades could happen.
He built a new chair that was used in during the execution of Daryl Holton. Pictured above is the electric chair Leuchter built as Riverbend Maximum Security Institution Warden Ricky Bell gives a tour in Fordham University professor Deborah Denno, who has studied execution methods for more than 25 years, said Leuchter filled a void.
Often 'the most qualified people don't want to be involved' in executions, she said. In he was asked by the state of Tennessee to refurbish its chair when the possibility of its first execution in decades could happen.
Leuchter said when he saw the device, 'it looked like it was made for a midget or something. The electric chair Leuchter built for Tennessee is now set to be used Thursday evening for the execution of a convicted murderer.
Leuchter is pictured above in Leuchter used wood from the original device, which he was told was made from the old gallows. He also replaced the chair's electrodes and the old leather straps that tie prisoners to the chair with quick-release nylon belts to help guards with removing bodies after executions.
Leuchter even trained prison employees on how to use the device properly and distributed certificates as 'electrocution technicians.
That same year, German-Canadian neo-Nazi Ernst Zündel was being tried in Canada for publishing works of Holocaust denial and hate propaganda.
Leuchter traveled to Auschwitz and Birkenau and allegedly examined the structures identified as gas chambers. The court dismissed Leuchter's testimony, because he lacked the credentials to prove his expertise on gas chambers.
Zündel was convicted of the charges. After the trial, Leuchter began lecturing to Holocaust denial supporters and groups, despite receiving bad publicity.
In it was discovered that Leuchter didn't have an engineering degree or professional license. As a result, states began denying his contracts on the basis that he lacked the necessary qualifications.
He also served two years of probation and has been largely shunned ever since. In fact, tests conducted on ventilation grates immediately after the end of the war showed substantial amounts of cyanide.
The chambers were demolished by the Nazis when they abandoned Auschwitz, and the facilities Leuchter examined were, in fact, partially reconstructed.
Leuchter was unaware that parts of the camp and chambers had been reconstructed, so he had no way of knowing if the bricks he was scraping had actually been used in the original gas chamber.
Leuchter claimed that the relatively low concentration of cyanide residue measured in his samples of the remains of the gas chambers in Auschwitz, compared to his samples of the "delousing chambers" in which clothes were deloused using the same gas, hydrogen cyanide, excluded the possibility of them being used to kill humans.
His report assumed that lower concentrations are required for delousing than to kill humans and other warm-blooded creatures; in fact, with their simpler structures and slower metabolisms, insects are more resistant to such gross metabolic poisons than mammals.
Both toxicological study and practical experience demonstrate that it takes a much higher concentration of cyanide 16, parts per million to kill insects than to kill humans ppm , as well as an exposure time of many hours rather than only minutes.
Nor did he explain why such large chambers would be needed for delousing clothes. Leuchter also wrongly assumed that it would take 20 to 30 hours to air a room disinfected with Zyklon B.
Since far lower concentrations are required when gassing people than for delousing, it would take only 20 to 30 minutes to ventilate the room; therefore, the forced-ventilation systems used would be more than adequate to allow the gas chambers to be operated without endangering the executioners.
Leuchter's report also made claims about the capacity of the crematoria, although he admitted he had no experience with cremation technology.
When questioned in court, Leuchter admitted he had never seen a document by the Waffen-SS Commandant for construction issued when the crematoria were constructed, which estimated they had a hour capacity of 4, people, more than 30 times Leuchter's estimate of Protests were organized outside the court house in Canada, and near Leuchter's home in Malden, Massachusetts.
Despite the bad publicity Leuchter remained active as a capital punishment consultant until , when his lack of qualifications to practice was exposed.
Also following his involvement in the Zündel trial, Leuchter began lecturing to Holocaust denial groups such as the Institute for Historical Review IHR about his research and continued belief in the conclusions he testified to in the trial.
In this case, it is myself that I post mortem —and the cadaver isn't dead! Much to the dismay of my executioners, the execution was so badly botched that I am able to stand here before you to speak the truth, and to tell the world that it is not myself, but the Holocaust story that is dead.
I repeat for the record: I was condemned for maintaining that there were no execution gas chambers as Auschwitz, Birkenau, Majdanek , Dachau , Mauthausen , or Hartheim Castle.
There's no proof for the charge, only innuendo, lies, and half-truths. Robert Faurisson , Ernst Zundel and others said this first.
They, too, live as victims of botched executions, but nevertheless free to speak the truth in a strong and growing voice that repeats: No gas chambers, no gas chambers, no damn gas chambers!
By providing final, definitive proof that there were no execution gas chambers utilized for genocidal purposes by the Germans at these wartime camps, I established the simple fact that the Holocaust story is not true.
What I did not know was that anyone expressing such beliefs is guilty of a capital crime: that of thinking and telling the unspeakable truth about the greatest lie of the age.
I would have to pay for this crime. While I innocently told the truth in Toronto , plans were made, and subsequently implemented, for a major effort to destroy me.
If I could be destroyed and discredited—so the reasoning went—no one would accept my professional findings, no matter how truthful. When he tried to sell parts of a lethal injection machine and other items from Fred Leuchter Associates, many of which were part of projects done for states who had refused to pay him for previously contracted or agreed work, he was again charged.
His wife divorced him in this same period. Leuchter was arrested in and shortly thereafter deported from the United Kingdom in November He had been interrupted while giving an invited speech at David Irving 's instigation; his talk followed immediately one by Robert Faurisson.
Leuchter has blamed criticism of his work on an "international cabal According to the Institute for Historical Review , Leuchter subsequently took employment as a telemarketer.
According to The New York Times , before selling execution equipment Leuchter had been a dealer in military surveillance equipment.
On October 24, The New York Times described him as "self-proclaimed execution expert and manufacturer of death machinery.
Edward A. Brunner, chairman of the anesthesia department at Northwestern University Medical School , as saying Leuchter's lethal injection system would indeed paralyze a condemned criminal with Pavulon , but far from being humane this paralysis would merely stop the prisoner from screaming at the "extreme pain in the form of a severe burning sensation" caused by the potassium chloride injection.
Potassium chloride is commonly used in judicial execution through lethal injection. In Newsweek reported Alabama assistant attorney general Ed Carnes having called Leuchter's views on the gas chamber "unorthodox," and alleging that "Leuchter was running a death row shakedown scheme: if a state didn't purchase Leuchter's services, he would testify at the last minute for the condemned man that the state's death chamber might malfunction.
In Virginia , Leuchter provided a death row inmate's attorney with an affidavit claiming the electric chair would fail.
In Leuchter faced charges of practicing engineering without a license issued by the Board of Registration of Professional Engineers and of Land Surveyors, which regulates professional engineers , a violation of Massachusetts law.
In point of fact, a license is not required in Massachusetts, or any other state, unless the engineer is involved in construction of buildings, and is certifying compliance with specifications.
There is also a statutory exemption for engineers who do not deal with the general public. As confirmation of the spurious nature of this charge, it should be pointed out there are more than fifty thousand practicing engineers in Massachusetts, of whom only five thousand are licensed.
Although the state's licensing law has been in effect since , there has been no record of any prosecution for this offense. In fact, the Board of Registration of Professional Engineers and of Land Surveyors licenses the following engineering professionals as of Leuchter attributed the actions of the regulatory board against him to "Jewish pressure".
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In contrast, tests conducted by Polish forensic scientists who discriminated against iron-based compounds confirmed the presence of cyanide in the locations, in accordance with where and how it was used in the Holocaust.
In addition, the report was criticized as Leuchter had overlooked critical evidence, such as documents in the SS architectural office which recorded the mechanical operation of the gas chambers and others which verified the rate at which the Nazis could burn the bodies of those gassed.
In , Ernst Zündel , a German pamphleteer and publisher living in Canada, was put on trial for publishing Richard Verrall 's Holocaust denial pamphlet Did Six Million Really Die?
Zündel was found guilty, but the conviction was overturned on appeal. This led to a second prosecution. Zündel and his lawyers were joined by Robert Faurisson , a French academic of literature and Holocaust denier, who came to Toronto to advise the defence,  : having previously testified as expert witness at the first trial.
Leuchter, a Bostonian execution equipment designer. Faurisson reported that Leuchter initially accepted the mainstream account of the Holocaust, but after two days of discussion with him, he stated that Leuchter was convinced that homicidal gassings never occurred.
After having met Zündel in Toronto and agreeing to serve as an expert witness for his defence, Leuchter travelled with them to spend a week in Poland.
Although Zündel and Faurisson did not accompany them, Leuchter said that they were with them "every step of the way" in spirit. After arriving in Poland the group spent three days at the former Auschwitz concentration camp site, and another at the former Majdanek concentration camp.
At these, they filmed Leuchter illicitly collecting what he regarded to be forensic quality samples of materials  : from the wreckage of the former gas extermination facilities,  : while his wife and the translator acted as lookouts.
The compiled report was published in Canada as The Leuchter Report: An Engineering Report on the Alleged Execution Gas Chambers at Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Majdanek, Poland , by Zündel's Samisdat Publications, and in England as Auschwitz: The End of the Line.
The Leuchter Report: The First Forensic Examination of Auschwitz by Focal Point Publications, David Irving's publishing house. Before Leuchter could do this, he was examined by the court.
He admitted that he was not a toxicologist and dismissed the need for having a degree in engineering:. THE WITNESS: Well, I would question, Your Honour, what an engineering degree is.
I have a Bachelor of Arts degree and I have the required background training both on the college level and in the field to perform my function as an engineer.
Leuchter admitted under oath that he only had a bachelor of arts degree and implicitly suggested that an engineering degree was unavailable to him by saying that his college did not offer an engineering degree during his studies.
Boston University actually offered three different kinds of such qualification when he was a student there. Judge Ronald Thomas began to label Leuchter's methodology as "ridiculous" and "preposterous", dismissing many of the report's conclusions on the basis that they were based on "second-hand information", and refused to allow him to testify on the effect of Zyklon B on humans because he had never worked with the substance, and was neither a toxicologist nor a chemist.
His opinion on this report is that there were never any gassings or there was never any exterminations carried on in this facility.
As far as I am concerned, from what I've heard, he is not capable of giving that opinion He is not in a position to say, as he said so sweepingly in this report, what could not have been carried on in these facilities.
When questioned on the functioning of the crematoria, the judge also prevented Leuchter from testifying because "he hasn't any expertise". DuPont, the largest American manufacturer of hydrogen cyanide, stated that it had "never provided any information on cyanides to persons representing themselves as Holocaust deniers, including Fred Leuchter", and had "never provided any information regarding the use of cyanide at Auschwitz, Birkenau or Majdanek.
The contents of the report, in particular Leuchter's methodology, are heavily criticised. James Roth, the manager of the lab that carried out the analysis on the samples Leuchter collected, swore under oath to the results at the trial.
Roth did not learn what the trial was about until he got off the stand. The samples of brick, mortar and concrete that Leuchter took were of indeterminate thickness: not being aware of this, the lab ground the samples to a fine powder which thus severely diluted the cyanide-containing layer of each sample with an indeterminate amount of brick, varying for each sample.
Roth offered the analogy that the investigation was like analyzing paint on a wall by analyzing the timber behind it. Leuchter's opposition to the possibility of homicidal gassings at Auschwitz relies on residual cyanide remains found in the homicidal gas chambers and delousing chambers at Auschwitz.
In order for Leuchter or Rudolf to demonstrate the significance of their findings, it is necessary for them to prove the necessity of Prussian blue formation under the conditions that the homicidal gas chambers were operated.Victoria AS - Avd. Trondheim. Adresse: Hornebergvegen 1, Trondheim TLF: 55 50 88 50 Åpningstider: Mandag-Fredag Lørdag - søndag: Stengt. Drag & drop content in SECTION 5 below. This gap is adjusted automatically to the height of your navigation bar when site is published. Fred Arthur Leuchter Jr. (born February 7, ) is an American manufacturer of execution equipment and Holocaust denier who is best known as the author of the Leuchter report, a pseudoscientific document that alleges there were no gas chambers at bistrotchezmaurice.com to this, he had been contracted by the authorities of several states in the U.S. to improve the . Bocci is a design and manufacturing company based in Vancouver and Berlin. Acronis Alternative Expertentage Unternehmenssammlungen. Leuchter STRATO. Um sicher zustellen, Departed – Unter Feinden Stream Sie das Los ersteigern, melden Sie sich zum Live Bieten an unter Küchen Centrum Exklusiv.