Die Stimmen der Mafiosi. Die Mitglieder des Organisierten Verbrechens führen ihr brutales Geschäft großteils im Verborgenen, abseits der Öffentlichkeit und so. Many translated example sentences containing "Mafiosi" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Pizzeria Mafiosi. Die beste, größte und günstigste Pizza in Wien. Und das schon seit dem Familie Al Omari gründete das Familienunternehmen in der.
Übersetzung für "mafiosi" im Deutschseiner Heimat festgenommen worden sei, unterstütze die These des ermordeten Mafia-Jägers Borsellino, der stets erklärt habe, dass die Mafiosi Fische seien. In Italien beginnt heute ein riesiger Prozess gegen die kalabrische 'Ndrangheta. Leitender Staatsanwalt ist Mafia-Jäger Nicola Gratteri. stayhome · Speisekarte zum Ausdrucken · Sri Lankisches Abend-Buffet · Bilder · Kontakt · Anfahrt · Öffnungszeiten · Impressum · Datenschutz. +++ GENUSS TO.
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Hier lassen sich die sen Lolitas und die geilen Mafiosi auf jede erdenkliche Captain America 3 Stream German und Weise nehmen und man sieht Bewertung Easycosmetic, greift Homevideosmehr das E-Mail-Kontakformular von Maxdome zurck. - Pizzeria zum MafiosiSie ist viel in Europa u. Pizzeria Mafiosi. Die beste, größte und günstigste Pizza in Wien. Und das schon seit dem Familie Al Omari gründete das Familienunternehmen in der. Gualterio schreibt von Nichtstuern, Vagabunden, Mafiosi und allgemein verdächtigen Personen. Verbreitet wurde der Begriff darüber hinaus durch eine von der. Many translated example sentences containing "Mafiosi" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Mafiosis, Mafiosi, Mafioso ist die Bezeichnung für ein Mitglied der Mafia. Der Genitiv lautet (des) Mafiosos, der Plural Mafiosi. Die oft zu sehenden Pluralformen.
Lucky Luciano: the real and the fake gangster. The New York Times. Shalamov, Varlam Essays on Criminal World in Russian.
Vagrius and Khudozhestvennaya Literatura. HUMSEC Journal 1 : 91— Oxford Bibliographies Online. Ter Haar, B. Lindja in Albanian. BBC News.
Whiting, Robert Tokyo Underworld: The Fast Times and Hard Life of an American Gangster in Japan. Random House Digital, Inc. Wright, Alan Organised crime.
Baker, T. Lindsay Gangster Tour of Texas. Cohen, Rich Tough Jews: Fathers, Sons, and Gangster Dreams.
English, T. Paddy Whacked: The Untold Story of the Irish American Gangster. Fried, Albert The rise and fall of the Jewish gangster in America.
From wiseguys to wise men: the gangster and Italian American masculinities. CRC Press. Hendley, Nate Bonnie and Clyde: a biography.
Greenwood Publishing Group. Iorizzo, Luciano J. Al Capone: a biography. Life magazine. Theoharis, Athan G. The FBI: a comprehensive reference guide.
Thrasher, Frederic Milton, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Toplin, Robert B. History by Hollywood: The Use and Abuse of the American Past.
Urbana, IL: University of Illinois. The Ultimate Book of Gangster Movies: Featuring the Greatest Gangster Films of All Time. Running Press. Beeton, Sue Film-induced tourism.
Channel View Publications. Casillo, Robert Gangster priest: the Italian American cinema of Martin Scorsese. University of Toronto Press.
Choi, Jinhee The South Korean film renaissance: local hitmakers, global provocateurs. Wesleyan University Press. Box Office Mojo.
Ebert, Roger January 24, Chicago Sun Times. American cinema of the s: themes and variations. Rutgers University Press.
Hoppenstand, Gary In search of the paper tiger: a sociological perspective of myth, formula, and the mystery genre in the entertainment print mass medium.
Popular Press. Kaplan, David E. Yakuza: Japan's criminal underworld. University of California Press. Kenna, Laura Cook From the Hansard archive.
Example from the Hansard archive. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the Open Parliament Licence v3. The present project will lead to there being fewer humanitarians and more mafiosi involved in the trafficking in human beings and in helping to transport refugees.
From Europarl Parallel Corpus - English. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.
Their realistic depiction of gangster characters caught the attention of actual mafiosi in From Wikipedia.
This example is from Wikipedia and may be reused under a CC BY-SA license. Both had classmates who ended up as mafiosi. Mafiosi used their allies in government to avoid prosecution as well as persecute less well-connected rivals.
The need for secrecy and inconspicuousness deeply colors the traditions and mannerisms of mafiosi.
Mafiosi are also forbidden from writing down anything about their activities, lest such evidence be discovered by police.
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Save Word. Definition of mafioso. First Known Use of mafioso , in the meaning defined above. If he wants to establish a relationship, he must ask a third mafioso whom they both personally know to introduce them to each other in a face-to-face meeting.
This intermediary can vouch that neither of the two is an impostor. This tradition is upheld scrupulously, often to the detriment of efficient operation.
For instance, when mafioso Indelicato Amedeo returned to Sicily following his initiation in the United States in the s, he could not announce his membership to his own mafioso father, but had to wait for a mafioso from the United States who knew of his induction to come to Sicily and introduce the son to the father.
Mafiosi of equal status sometimes call each other " compare ", while inferiors call their superiors " padrino ". In November , Sicilian police reported discovery of a list of "Ten Commandments" in the hideout of mafia boss Salvatore Lo Piccolo , thought to be guidelines on good, respectful, and honourable conduct for a mafioso.
These rules are not to touch the women of other men of honour; not to steal from other men of honour or, in general, from anyone; not to exploit prostitution; not to kill other men of honour unless strictly necessary; to avoid passing information to the police; not to quarrel with other men of honour; to maintain proper behavior; to keep silent about Cosa Nostra around outsiders; to avoid under all circumstances introducing oneself to other men of honour.
The penalty for transgression is death, and relatives of the turncoat may also be murdered. Mafiosi generally do not associate with police aside perhaps from corrupting individual officers as necessary.
For instance, a mafioso will not call the police when he is a victim of a crime. He is expected to take care of the problem himself.
To do otherwise would undermine his reputation as a capable protector of others see below , and his enemies may see him as weak and vulnerable.
The need for secrecy and inconspicuousness deeply colors the traditions and mannerisms of mafiosi. Mafiosi are discouraged from consuming alcohol or other drugs , as in an inebriated state they are more likely to blurt out sensitive information.
They also frequently adopt self-effacing attitudes to strangers so as to avoid unwanted attention. Mafiosi are also forbidden from writing down anything about their activities, lest such evidence be discovered by police.
Civilians who buy their protection or make other deals are expected to be discreet, on pain of death. Witness intimidation is also common.
Scholars such as Diego Gambetta and Leopold Franchetti have characterized the Mafia as a "cartel of private protection firms".
The primary activity of the Mafia is to provide protection and guarantee trust in areas of the Sicilian economy where the police and courts cannot be relied upon.
The Mafia arbitrates disputes between criminals, organizes and oversees illicit business deals, and protects businessmen and criminals from cheats, thieves, and vandals.
This aspect of the Mafia is often overlooked in the media because, unlike drug dealing and extortion, it is often not reported to the police. In one of his books, Gambetta illustrates this concept with the scenario of a butcher who wishes to sell some meat to a supermarket without paying sales tax.
Since the transaction is essentially a black market deal, the agents cannot turn to the police or the courts if either of them cheats the other.
The seller might supply rotting meat, or the purchaser might refuse to pay. The mistrust and fear of being cheated with no recourse might prevent these two agents from making a profitable transaction.
To guarantee each other's honesty, the two parties can ask the local mafia clan to oversee the transaction. In exchange for a commission, the mafioso promises to both the buyer and seller that if either of them tries to cheat the other, the cheater can expect to be assaulted or have his property vandalized.
Such is the mafioso's reputation for viciousness, impartiality, and reliability that neither the buyer nor the seller would consider cheating with him overseeing the deal.
The transaction thus proceeds smoothly. The Mafia's protection is not restricted to illegal activities. Shopkeepers often pay the Mafia to protect them from thieves.
If a shopkeeper enters into a protection contract with a mafioso, the mafioso will make it publicly known that if any thief were foolish enough to rob his client's shop, he would track down the thief, beat him up, and, if possible, recover the stolen merchandise mafiosi make it their business to know all the fences in their territory.
Mafiosi have protected a great variety of clients over the years: landowners, plantation owners, politicians, shopkeepers, drug dealers, etc.
Whilst some people are coerced into buying protection and some do not receive any actual protection for their money extortion , by and large there are many clients who actively seek and benefit from mafioso protection.
This is one of the main reasons why the Mafia has resisted more than a century of government efforts to destroy it: the people who willingly solicit these services protect the Mafia from the authorities.
If one is enjoying the benefits of Mafia protection, one does not want the police arresting one's mafioso.
Mafiosi might sometimes ask for favours instead of money, such as assistance in committing a crime. The amount of money that the Mafia extorts from firms in Sicily correlates weakly with the revenue of the firm.
The pizzo is thus a sort of regressive taxation that hurts small businesses more. This presents a barrier to entry for entrepreneurs in Sicily, and makes it difficult for small businesses to reinvest in themselves since the pizzo takes a disproportionately larger share of their profits.
This is in turn results in oligopolistic markets, where a few large firms dominate, selling low quality products at high prices.
Mafia extortion thus mires the Sicilian economy in a poverty trap. Protection from theft is one service that the Mafia provides to paying "clients".
Mafiosi themselves are generally forbidden from committing theft  though in practice they are merely forbidden from stealing from anyone connected to the Mafia.
If a protected business is robbed, the clan will use these contacts to track down and return the stolen goods and punish the thieves, usually by beating them up.
Mafiosi sometimes protect businesspeople from competitors by threatening their competitors with violence. If two businesspeople are competing for a government contract, the protected can ask their mafioso friends to bully their rival out of the bidding process.
In another example, a mafioso acting on behalf of a coffee supplier might pressure local bars into serving only their client's coffee. The primary method by which the Mafia stifles competition, however, is the overseeing and enforcement of collusive agreements between businesspeople.
Mafia-enforced collusion typically appears in markets where collusion is both desirable inelastic demand , lack of product differentiation , etc.
Mafiosi approach potential clients in an aggressive but friendly manner, like a door-to-door salesman. If a client rejects their overtures, mafiosi sometimes coerce them by vandalizing their property or other forms of harassment.
Physical assault is rare; clients may be murdered for breaching agreements or talking to the police, but not for simply refusing protection.
In many situations, mafia bosses prefer to establish an indefinite long-term bond with a client, rather than make one-off contracts.
The boss can then publicly declare the client to be under his permanent protection his "friend", in Sicilian parlance. This leaves little public confusion as to who is and isn't protected, so thieves and other predators will be deterred from attacking a protected client and prey only on the unprotected.
Mafiosi generally do not involve themselves in the management of the businesses they protect or arbitrate. Lack of competence is a common reason, but mostly it is to divest themselves of any interests that may conflict with their roles as protectors and arbitrators.
This makes them more trusted by their clients, who need not fear their businesses being taken over. A protection racketeer cannot tolerate competition within their sphere of influence from another racketeer.
If a dispute erupted between two clients protected by rival racketeers, the two racketeers would have to fight each other to win the dispute for their respective client.
The outcomes of such fights can be unpredictable not to mention bloody , and neither racketeer could guarantee a victory for their client.
This would make their protection unreliable and of little value. Their clients might dismiss them and settle the dispute by other means, and their reputations would suffer.
To prevent this, mafia clans negotiate territories in which they can monopolize the use of violence in settling disputes. Politicians court mafiosi to obtain votes during elections.
A mafioso's mere endorsement of a certain candidate can be enough for their clients, relatives, and associates to vote for that candidate.
A particularly influential mafioso can bring in thousands of votes for a candidate; such is the respect that a mafioso can command.
A mafia clan's support can thus be decisive for their success. Politicians have always sought us out because we can provide votes. There are between 1, and 2, men of honor in Palermo province.
Multiply that by fifty and you get a nice package of 75, to , votes to go to friendly parties and candidates. Politicians usually repay this support with favours, such as sabotaging police investigations or giving contracts and permits.
They are not ideological themselves, though mafiosi have traditionally opposed extreme parties such as Fascists and Communists, and favoured centre candidates.
Mafiosi provide protection and invest capital in smuggling gangs. Smuggling operations require large investments goods, boats, crews, etc. It is mafiosi who raise the necessary money from investors and ensure that all parties act in good faith.
They also ensure that the smugglers operate in safety. Mafiosi rarely directly involve themselves in smuggling operations. When they do, it is usually when the operations are especially risky.
In this case, they may induct smugglers into their clans in the hope of binding them more firmly. In a publication, the Italian small-business association Confesercenti reported that about Certain types of crimes are forbidden by Cosa Nostra , either by members or freelance criminals within their domains.
Mafiosi are generally forbidden from committing theft burglary, mugging, etc. Kidnapping is also generally forbidden, even by non-mafiosi, as it attracts a great deal of public hostility and police attention.
These rules have been violated from time to time, both with and without the permission of senior mafiosi. Murders are almost always carried out by members.
It is very rare for the Mafia to recruit an outsider for a single job, and such people are liable to be eliminated soon afterwards because they become expendable liabilities.
The Mafia's power comes from its reputation to commit violence, particularly murder, against virtually anyone. Through reputation, mafiosi deter their enemies and enemies of their clients.
It allows mafiosi to protect a client without being physically present e. Compared to other occupations, reputation is especially valuable for a mafioso, as his primary product is protection through intimidation.
The reputation of a mafioso is dichotomous: he is either a good protector or a bad one; there is no mediocrity. This is because a mafioso can only either succeed at preventing an act of violence or fail utterly should any violence take place.
There is no spectrum of quality when it comes to violent protection. The more fearsome a mafioso's reputation is, the more he can win disputes without having recourse to violence.
It can even happen that a mafioso who loses his means to commit violence e. When a Mafia boss retires from leadership or is killed , his clan's reputation as effective protectors and enforcers often goes with him.
If his replacement has a weaker reputation, clients may lose confidence in the clan and defect to its neighbours, causing a shift in the balance of power and possible conflict.
Ideally, the successor to the boss will have built a strong reputation of his own as he worked his way up the ranks, giving the clan a reputable new leader.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Organized crime syndicate originating in Sicily. For other Italian criminal organizations, see Organized crime in Italy.
For the Italian-American counterpart also known as the Mafia or Cosa Nostra, see American Mafia. For similar organizations generally, see Mafia.
Main article: Sicilian mafia during the Mussolini regime. Main article: Sack of Palermo. Main article: Ciaculli massacre. Main article: Second Mafia War.
Main article: Maxi Trial. Main article: Sicilian Mafia Commission. Main article: Mafia initiation ritual. Main article: List of Sicilian Mafia members.
Italy portal. See chapter 5 of The Sicilian Mafia Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 10 July Thomas Dunne Books.
The Last Godfathers. Hachette UK. Even the origin of the word 'mafia' remains obscure. NYU Press.
February Archived from the original on Retrieved History of the Mafia. Columbia University Press. The Sicilian Mafia , p. The Sicilian Mafia , pp.
Archived PDF from the original on Discussion Papers. Archived at the Wayback Machine , , pp. Mack Smith. A History of Sicily: Modern Sicily, after The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection.